Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/men-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*men-[1]

  1. ​to think, mind
  2. spiritual activity

Derived terms[edit]


Root[edit]

*men-[1]

  1. ​to stay, stand still

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *men- (stay) not found


  • *men- ‎(root present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: μένω ‎(ménō, to stay, remain)
  • *mi-mén- ~ *mi-mn- ‎(reduplicated present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient greek: μίμνω ‎(mímnō, to stay, remain)
  • *mn-éh-(ye)- ‎(stative)
  • *mon-eh₂
      • Ancient Greek: μονή ‎(monḗ, staying, detention)
  • Unsorted formations:

Root[edit]

*men-

  1. ​to stand out, to tower

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *men- (stand out) not found


  • *mon-tis, *mn̥-tey-
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Avestan: [script needed] ‎(maiti-)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: mōns ‎(mountain)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Celtic: *moniyos ‎(mountain)
      • Brythonic:
        • Old Breton: monid ‎(mountain)
        • Old Cornish: menit ‎(mountain)
        • Welsh: mynydd ‎(mountain)
        • → Middle Irish: moned, monad (found only in Scottish toponyms)
    • Germanic: *mōnijaz
      • Old Norse: mœnir ‎(ridge of a roof)
    • Germanic: *mōnijaną
      • Old Norse: mœna ‎(to tower)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers