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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Pooth argues that the word derives from *negʷ- (bare, naked), and that the ablaut variants *nékʷt-, *nókʷt- should be analyzed as two separate words, *négʷts and *nógʷts, root nouns meaning "dusk" and "night" respectively, or originally "getting bare (of sunlight)" (action noun) and "the result of getting bare (of sunlight)" (noun with detransitive or middle meaning marked by the vowel *o). This analysis differs from the traditional one, in which *nékʷt-, *nókʷt- are simply ablaut variants used in different parts of the nominal paradigm, with no difference in meaning.[1]


*nókʷts f

  1. night (or possibly 'evening')


Athematic, acrostatic
nominative *nókʷts
genitive *nékʷts
singular dual plural
nominative *nókʷts *nókʷth₁(e) *nókʷtes
vocative *nókʷt *nókʷth₁(e) *nókʷtes
accusative *nókʷtm̥ *nókʷth₁(e) *nókʷtm̥s
genitive *nékʷts *? *nékʷtoHom
ablative *nékʷts *? *nékʷtmos
dative *nékʷtey *? *nékʷtmos
locative *nékʷt, *nékʷti *? *nékʷtsu
instrumental *nékʷth₁ *? *nékʷtbʰi

Derived terms[edit]



  1. ^ Pooth, Roland A. (2015), “Proto-Indo-European Nominal Morphology. Part 1. The Noun”, in Language Arts[1]
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0199296682, page 302
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “nekcīye”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, ISBN 9042036710, page 363
  4. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “nát/ë, -a”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 283-284
  5. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “neku-zi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, pages 695-696
  6. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*noxtV-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 293-294
  7. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*naht-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 381
  8. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “νύξ, νυκτός”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004174207, page 1027
  9. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992–2001), “nákt-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 2-3
  10. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “nox”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 416-417

Further reading[edit]