Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/nókʷts

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pooth (2015:1, 29) argues that the word derives from *negʷ- ‎(bare, naked), and that the ablaut variants *nékʷt-, *nókʷt- should be analyzed as two separate words, *négʷts and *nógʷts, root nouns meaning "dusk" and "night" respectively, or originally "getting bare (of sunlight)" (action noun) and "the result of getting bare (of sunlight)" (noun with detransitive or middle meaning marked by the vowel *o). This analysis differs from the traditional one, in which *nékʷt-, *nókʷt- are simply ablaut variants used in different parts of the nominal paradigm, with no difference in meaning.

Noun[edit]

*nókʷts f ‎(oblique stem *nékʷt-)

  1. night (or possibly 'evening')

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *nókʷts
genitive *nékʷts
singular dual plural
nominative *nókʷts *nókʷth₁(e) *nókʷtes
vocative *nókʷt *nókʷth₁(e) *nókʷtes
accusative *nókʷtm̥ *nókʷth₁(e) *nókʷtn̥s
genitive *nékʷts *? *nékʷtoHom
ablative *nékʷts *? *nékʷtmos
dative *nékʷtey *? *nékʷtmos
locative *nékʷt, *nékʷti *? *nékʷtsu
instrumental *nékʷth₁ *? *nékʷtbʰi

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]