Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/oḱtṓw

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Formally the dual of a stem *(H)oḱto- (four fingers). This erstwhile singular seems to appear in Avestan 𐬀𐬱𐬙𐬌-(ašti-, breadth of four fingers) and appears to have been borrowed into Proto-Kartvelian as *otxo- (four).

Numeral[edit]

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : *oḱtṓw
    Ordinal : *oḱtowós[1]

*oḱtṓw or *h₁oḱtṓw

  1. eight

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Albanian: *aktṓ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Anatolian:
  • Proto-Armenian:
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *aśtṓ
  • Proto-Celtic: *oxtū (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *ahtōu (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *oktṓ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Haštā́ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *oktō (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *óktä[2] (see there for further descendants)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004, 2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell
  2. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “okt”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 115-116
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “oktante”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 116

Further reading[edit]

  • Bjørn, Rasmus (2019), “Nouns and Foreign Numerals: Anatolian ‘Four’ and the Development of the PIE Decimal System”, in Matilde Serangeli and Thomas Olander, editors, Dispersals and Diversification: Linguistic and Archaeological Perspectives on the Early Stages of Indo-European (Brill's Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics; 19), Leiden and Boston: Brill, DOI:10.1163/9789004416192_004, pages 57, 62–64