Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pértus

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*per-

From *per- ‎(to penetrate; to cross (water)) +‎ *-tus.

Noun[edit]

*pértus m[1]

  1. crossing

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *pértus
genitive *pr̥téws
singular dual plural
nominative *pértus *pértuh₁(e) *pértewes
vocative *pértu *pértuh₁(e) *pértewes
accusative *pértum *pértuh₁(e) *pértuns
genitive *pr̥téws *? *pr̥téwoHom
ablative *pr̥téws *? *pr̥túmos
dative *pr̥téwey *? *pr̥túmos
locative *pr̥téw, *pr̥téwi *? *pr̥túsu
instrumental *pr̥túh₁ *? *pr̥túbʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Celtic: *ɸritus
  • Germanic: *ferþuz ‎(inlet, fjord) (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *furduz ‎(ford) (see there for further descendants) (from the oblique stem, apparently had already become a separate word in Germanic)
  • Indo-Iranian:
  • Italic: *portus

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  • Cabolov, R. L. (2010) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 113