Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/peḱu-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

u-stem of *peḱ- ‎(livestock).

Noun[edit]

*peḱu-[1]

  1. livestock

Declension[edit]

Nominative *péḱu, Genitive *peḱwés

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian pilë ‎(tool for combing flax)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ասր ‎(asr, wool, fleece), ասու ‎(asu, genitive)
  • Balto-Slavic:
  • Germanic: *fehu
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian: *pasu-[2][3]
      • Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬯𐬎 ‎(pasu)
      • Kurdish: pez
      • Ossetian:
        Digor: фус ‎(fus)
        Iron: фыс ‎(fys, sheep)
      • Sogdian: psw ‎(*pasu, cattle, sheep)
      • Zazaki: pes ‎(small cattle)
    • → Finno-Permic: *počaw (see there for further descendants)
    • → Ob-Ugric:
      • Mansi: *pääčəɣ
        • Northern: пасиг ‎(pāsiɣ, reindeer calf)
      • Khanty: *peečəɣ
        • Eastern: печәг ‎(pečəg, one-year-old reindeer)
        • Northern: пеши ‎(peši)
  • Italic:

References[edit]

  1. ^ “²peḱ-” in Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume III, page 797
  2. ^ Vasilij Abajev (1958–89), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of Ossetian], in 4 vols, Moscow–Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, volume I, pages 500–501
  3. ^ Dž. Čëng (Johnny Cheung) (2009), Očerki istoričeskovo razvitija osetinskovo vokalizma [Studies in the historical development of the Ossetic vocalism. Translated into Russian from the 2002 English edition by T. K. Salbiev], Vladikavkaz: Izdatelʹsko-poligrafičeskoje predprijatije im. V. Gassijeva, page 268