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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





Compare *pleth₂- (flat) and *pel- (skin, hide, membrane, cloth).




  1. flat
    Synonym: *pleth₂-

Derived terms

  • *pleh₂-is ~ *pl̥h₂-éys[2]
    • Proto-Anatolian: *pl̥Hís
  • *pl̥h₂(e)meh₂
  • *pleh₂-nos, *pl̥h₂-nos
  • *ploh₂-no-s, *polh₂-no-s (metathesis)
  • *pleh₂-ro- (*ploh₂-ro- is equally possible)
    • Proto-Celtic: *ɸlārom (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *flōraz (see there for further descendants)
  • *pléh₂-n̥t-eh₂
  • *pleh₂-trom or *pl̥h₂-trom or *ploh₂-trom
  • *pl̥h₂-u-tós
  • *pl̥h₂-em
    • Proto-Italic: *palam
      • Latin: palam (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: լայն (layn, wide, broad)
      • >? Old Armenian: *հոլ- (*hol-, uncovered, naked)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latvian: plakans (flat, even)
      • Lithuanian: plakãnas (flat) (possibly)
      • Proto-Slavic: *poľe (Schwebeablaut) (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) “palḫi- / palḫai-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 620–621