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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. flat


Derived terms[edit]

  • *pleh₂-is ~ *pl̥h₂-éys
    • Anatolian: *pl̥Hís
  • *pl̥h₂(e)meh₂
  • *pleh₂-nos, *pl̥h₂-nos
  • *ploh₂-no-s
  • *pleh₂-ro- (*ploh₂-ro- is equally possible)
    • Celtic: *ɸlārom (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *flōraz (see there for further descendants)
  • *pléh₂-n̥t-eh₂
  • *pleh₂-trom or *pl̥h₂-trom or *ploh₂-trom
  • *pl̥h₂-u-tós
  • *pl̥h₂-em
    • Italic: *palam
      • Latin: palam (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: լայն (layn, wide, broad)
      • >? Old Armenian: *հոլ- (*hol-, uncovered, naked)
      • >? Old Armenian: հող (hoł, earth, soil; land)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latvian: plakans (flat, even)
      • Lithuanian: plakãnas (flat) (possibly)
      • Slavic: *poľe (Schwebeablaut) (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN