Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]


Kroonen explains the a in Latin, and perhaps Germanic, as a "schwa secundum": an epenthetic vowel arising in the zero grade *sp-.[2] De Vaan assumes a laryngeal origin instead, and posits zero-grade *sHp-, while noting that the full grade was likely *seh₁p- based on a long vowel *sēp- found in Sabellic.[1]



  1. to taste, to try out

Derived terms[edit]

  • *sp-ye- (ye-present)
    • Italic: *sapjō
      • Latin: sapiō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sp-ye- or *sop-ye- or *sop-éye-
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Hellenic:
    • Italic:
      • Oscan: sipus (knowing)
      • Volscian: sepu (knowing) (ablative singular)


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill