Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/somHós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Presumably from *sem-.

Adjective[edit]

*somHós ‎(non-ablauting)

  1. same, alike

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *somHós *somHéh₂
genitive *somHósyo *somHéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *somHós *somHóh₁ *somHóes
vocative *somHé *somHóh₁ *somHóes
accusative *somHóm *somHóh₁ *somHóns
genitive *somHósyo *? *somHóoHom
ablative *somHéad *? *somHómos
dative *somHóey *? *somHómos
locative *somHéy, *somHóy *? *somHóysu
instrumental *somHóh₁ *? *somHṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *somHéh₂ *somHéh₂h₁(e) *somHéh₂es
vocative *somHéh₂ *somHéh₂h₁(e) *somHéh₂es
accusative *somHā́m *somHéh₂h₁(e) *somHéh₂n̥s
genitive *somHéh₂s *? *somHéh₂oHom
ablative *somHéh₂s *? *somHéh₂mos
dative *somHéh₂ey *? *somHéh₂mos
locative *somHéh₂, *somHéh₂i *? *somHéh₂su
instrumental *somHéh₂h₁ *? *somHéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *somHóm *somHóy(h₁) *somHéh₂
vocative *somHóm *somHóy(h₁) *somHéh₂
accusative *somHóm *somHóy(h₁) *somHéh₂
genitive *somHósyo *? *somHóoHom
ablative *somHéad *? *somHómos
dative *somHóey *? *somHómos
locative *somHéy, *somHóy *? *somHóysu
instrumental *somHóh₁ *? *somHṓys

Descendants[edit]

edit
  • Balto-Slavic: *sōmas?
    • Slavic: *samъ (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *samaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian: