Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wódr̥

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root *wed-.

Noun[edit]

*wódr̥ n

  1. water

Inflection[edit]

Older acrostatic pattern:

Athematic, acrostatic
singular collective
nominative *wódr̥ *wédōr
genitive *wédn̥s *udnés
singular dual plural collective
nominative *wódr̥ *wédōr
vocative *wódr̥ *wédōr
accusative *wódr̥ *wédōr
genitive *wédn̥s *udnés
ablative *wédn̥s *udnés
dative *wédney *udnéy
locative *wédn̥, *wédni *udén, *udéni
instrumental *wédn̥h₁ *udnéh₁

Later proterokinetic pattern:

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular collective
nominative *wódr̥ *wédōr
genitive *udéns *udnés
singular dual plural collective
nominative *wódr̥ *wédōr
vocative *wódr̥ *wédōr
accusative *wódr̥ *wédōr
genitive *udéns *udnés
ablative *udéns *udnés
dative *udéney *udnéy
locative *udén, *udéni *udén, *udéni
instrumental *udénh₁ *udnéh₁

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

edit
  • Albanian: ujë
  • Anatolian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *wandō (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *udenskyos (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *watōr (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
  • Italic:
    • Latin: unda (see there for further descendants)
    • Umbrian: utur (nominative), une (genitive)
  • Thracian: udrēnas
  • Tocharian:
    • Tocharian A: wär
    • Tocharian B: war