Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wṓkʷs

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From o-grade root noun of *wekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

*wṓkʷs f (oblique stem *wokʷ-)[1][2]

  1. voice, speech

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *wṓkʷs
genitive *wókʷs
singular dual plural
nominative *wṓkʷs *wókʷh₁(e) *wókʷes
vocative *wókʷ *wókʷh₁(e) *wókʷes
accusative *wókʷm̥ *wókʷh₁(e) *wókʷn̥s
genitive *wókʷs *? *wókʷoHom
ablative *wókʷs *? *wókʷmos
dative *wókʷey *? *wókʷmos
locative *wókʷ, *wókʷi *? *wókʷsu
instrumental *wókʷh₁ *? *wókʷbʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
    • Old Prussian: wackis (outcry)[3]
    • (possibly) Latvian: vāci (Germans)
  • Hellenic: *wókʷs[2]
    • Ancient Greek: ὄψ (óps)
  • Indo-Iranian: *wā́kš (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *wōks[1] (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *wek
    • Tocharian A: wak (voice)
    • Tocharian B: wek (voice)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vōx”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 691-692
  2. 2.0 2.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ὄψ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1138-1139
  3. ^ Mažiulis, Vytautas (1988–1997), “wackis”, in Prūsų kalbos etimologijos žodynas [Etymology dictionary of the language of the Prussians] (in Lithuanian), Vilnius