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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



*weǵʰ- ‎(imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to bring, to transport

Derived terms[edit]

  • *wéǵʰ-e-ti ‎(thematic root present)[3]
  • *wḗǵʰ-s-t ~ *wéǵʰ-s-n̥t ‎(s-aorist)
  • *woǵʰéyeti ‎(causative/iterative)
  • *weǵʰ-nos
    • Celtic: *wegnos
      • Old Irish: fén ‎(wagon)
        • Irish: féan ‎(wagon)
      • Welsh: gwain ‎(car)
  • *weǵʰ-os
    • Germanic: *wegaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *woǵʰ-nos
    • Germanic: *wagnaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *woǵʰ-los
  • *woǵʰ-os
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *vozъ ‎(wagon, chariot)
        • East Slavic:
        • South Slavic:
        • West Slavic:
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
      • Proto-Armenian: *gez ‎(way, path) (possibly)
    • Indo-Iranian: *waȷ́ʰ- ‎(to carry; to drive)
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: वह् ‎(vah, to bear, carry)
      • Iranian: *waz- ‎(to carry; to drive (a chariot or similar))
        • Avestan: 𐬬𐬀𐬰 ‎(vaz-, to move, to run)
        • Baluchi: [script needed] ‎(gwast / gwaz-, to pass)
        • Khunsari: [script needed] ‎(vuza / vuz-, to run, to run away)
        • Kurdish:
          Northern Kurdish: bezîn ‎(to run), bazdan ‎(to flee, to escape, to run away)
        • Middle Persian:
          Book Pahlavi: wc- ‎(waz-, to move [intransitive]; to blow (of wind))
          Manichaean: wy- ‎(to move along)
        • Parthian:
          Manichaean: wz- ‎(waz-, to move swiftly, fly; to travel; to blow (of wind))
        • Zazaki: vazdayen ‎(to run, to flee, to escape)
        • → Old Armenian: վազ ‎(vaz, leap, jump; running)
        • → Old Armenian: աւազակ ‎(awazak) (possibly)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: ?vēlum (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: (possibly) *wijā
      • Latin: via (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  • Edward A. Roberts, Bárbara Pastor, Diccionario etimológico indoeuropeo de la lengua española, Alianza Editorial 2009, ISBN 978-84-206-5252-8