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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to make

Derived terms[edit]

  • *wr̥ǵ-yé-ti ‎(zero-grade ye-present)
  • *wérǵ-ye ‎(full-grade ye-present)
    • Germanic: *wirkijaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἔρδω ‎(érdō, I do)
      • Ancient Greek: ῥέζω ‎(rhézō, I do) (< *wreǵ-ye- with secondary e-grade)
  • *wérǵ-o-m
  • *wr̥ǵ-tó-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian:
    • Celtic:
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: [script needed] ‎(svávr̥ṣṭi-, doing his own work, epithet of Indra)
      • Iranian: *warz- (see there for further descendants)
    • Tocharian: *wärk-


  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill