Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/weyd-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*weyd-[1][2][3]

  1. to see

Derived terms[edit]


  • *wéyd- ‎(root present)
    • Germanic: *wītaną ‎(to direct the attention to, to scold) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
  • *wóyd- ‎(to have seen, to know, perfect)[1]
    • Armenian: *gēt-
      • Old Armenian: գիտեմ ‎(gitem, to know)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *věděti ‎(to know) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *witaną ‎(to know) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: οἶδα ‎(oîda, to know)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian: *waid- (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: vīdī ‎(have seen)
  • *wid-eh₁-(ye)- ‎(stative)
  • *wid-rós
    • Germanic: *witraz (see there for further descendants)
  • *wéyd-tōr ‎(one who has seen, one who knows)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἵστωρ ‎(hístōr, one who knows, witness)
  • *weyd-tos
    • Germanic: *wīsaz ‎(wise) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: vīsus (see there for further descendants)
  • *wid-tós
    • Germanic: *wissaz ‎(known), *gawissaz ‎(certain, sure) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wéyd-tus ‎((act of) seeing, knowledge)
    • Celtic: *wissu-
    • Italic:
      • Latin: vīsus (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian: *git-
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *viděti (see there for further descendants)
    • Old Church Slavonic: вѣстъ ‎(věstъ, known)
    • Germanic: *wīsǭ ‎(manner, way)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Dardic:
        • Kashmiri: [script needed] ‎(vūčhūn)
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian:
        • Avestan: [script needed] ‎(vaēða)
    • Phrygian: wit-

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006
  2. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  3. ^ Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers