Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wṓkʷs

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An o-grade of *wekʷ-, whence also *wékʷos (Ancient Greek ἔπος(épos)) and *wokʷtlom (Sanskrit वक्त्र(vaktra, mouth)).

Noun[edit]

*wṓkʷs f ‎(oblique stem *wokʷ-)[1][2]

  1. voice, speech

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *wṓkʷs
genitive *wokʷés
singular dual plural
nominative *wṓkʷs *wókʷh₁(e) *wókʷes
vocative *wókʷ *wókʷh₁(e) *wókʷes
accusative *wókʷm̥ *wókʷh₁(e) *wókʷn̥s
genitive *wokʷés *? *wokʷóHom
ablative *wokʷés *? *wokʷmós
dative *wokʷéy *? *wokʷmós
locative *wókʷ, *wókʷi *? *wokʷsú
instrumental *wokʷéh₁ *? *wokʷbʰí

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vōx”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 691-692
  2. 2.0 2.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ὄψ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1138-1139
  3. ^ Mažiulis, Vytautas (1988–1997), “wackis”, in Prūsų kalbos etimologijos žodynas [Etymology dictionary of the language of the Prussians] (in Lithuanian), Vilnius