Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wréh₂ds

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Noun[edit]

*wréh₂ds f ‎(oblique stem *wr̥h₂d-)

  1. root

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *wréh₂ds
genitive *wr̥h₂dés
singular dual plural
nominative *wréh₂ds *wréh₂dh₁(e) *wréh₂des
vocative *wréh₂d *wréh₂dh₁(e) *wréh₂des
accusative *wréh₂dm̥ *wréh₂dh₁(e) *wréh₂dn̥s
genitive *wr̥h₂dés *? *wr̥h₂dóHom
ablative *wr̥h₂dés *? *wr̥h₂dmós
dative *wr̥h₂déy *? *wr̥h₂dmós
locative *wréh₂d, *wréh₂di *? *wr̥h₂dsú
instrumental *wr̥h₂déh₁ *? *wr̥h₂dbʰí

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: rrënjë (< *wradnjā < *wrh̥₂dnio)
  • Armenian:
    • Middle Armenian: արգատ ‎(argat, superfluous branches cut off from vine and used for kindling) (possibly)
  • Celtic:
    • *wredios < *wr̥djo
    • *wrednā < *wr̥dnio
      • Old Irish: frén (< *wrēnā < *wrednā)
      • Welsh: greddf "instinct" (< *wredmā)
  • Germanic: *wrōts (genitive *wurtiz)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: ῥίζα ‎(rhíza) (< *wredih₂-), ῥάδιξ ‎(rhádix) "branch" (< *wreh₂dih₂-)
  • Indo-Iranian
    • Iranian
      • Kurdish: reh "root"
  • Italic: *wrād-ī-
  • Tocharian:
    • Tocharian B: witsako (< *wr̥di-k-eh₂, with loss of -r-)