Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/yeh₁-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

Most descendants show the root as *yeh₁r-, but Avestan attests an archaic r/n inflection, which indicates that *r is not part of the root itself.[1]

Root[edit]

*yeh₁-

  1. year

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic:
  • Celtic:
    • Welsh: iar (possibly)
  • Germanic: *jērą (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: [script needed] ‎(yārə) (genitive [script needed] ‎(yå̄), [script needed] ‎() < *yóh₁-r̥ ~ *yéh₁-n-)
      • Persian: [script needed] ‎(dušiyaram)
  • Italic:
    • Latin: hōrnus ‎(this year's, grown this year)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers