Reconstruction:Proto-Italic/ezom

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This Proto-Italic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Italic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

Verb[edit]

*ezom or *som[1]

  1. be

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of *ezom (irregular, athematic)
Present *som / *ezom
Perfect *fūai
Past participle
Present indicative Active Passive
1st sing. *som / *ezom
2nd sing. *es
3rd sing. *est
1st plur. *(e?)somos
2nd plur. *(e?)stes
3rd plur. *sent
Present subjunctive Active Passive
1st sing. *siēm
2nd sing. *siēs
3rd sing. *siēd
1st plur. *sīmos
2nd plur. *sītes
3rd plur. *sīnd
Perfect indicative Active
1st sing. *fūai
2nd sing. *fūistai
3rd sing. *fūe(d)
1st plur. *fūomos
2nd plur. *fūistes
3rd plur. *fūēri
Present imperative Active Passive
2nd sing. *es
2nd plur. *este
Future imperative Active
2nd + 3rd sing. *estōd
Participles Present Past
*sēnts
Verbal nouns tu-derivative s-derivative
*essi

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill