Reconstruction:Proto-Malayo-Polynesian/əpat

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This Proto-Malayo-Polynesian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Malayo-Polynesian[edit]

Proto-Malayo-Polynesian cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : *əpat

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

*əpat

  1. (cardinal) four

Descendants[edit]

  • Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian: *əpat
    • Central Maluku
      • East Central Maluku
        • Seram
          • Masiwang: fāt
          • Nunusaku
            • Piru Bay
              • East Piru Bay
    • Central Malayo-Polynesian: *əpat
      • Sumba-Flores
        • Bima: upa
        • Ende-Manggarai
          • Central Flores
            • Ende-Li'o
              • Palu'e: pa
            • Rembong: pat
          • Manggarainese
        • Flores-Lembata
          • Kedang-Lamaholot
            • Lamaholot: pat
        • Sumba
          • Savu
          • Sumba Island
            • Sumbanese
      • Timor-Babar
        • Nuclear Timor
          • West Timor
            • Roti
              • Bilba: ha
        • Southwest Maluku – Kisar
          • Southwest Maluku
    • Eastern Malayo-Polynesian: *pat
      • Halmahera-Cenderawasih: *pat
        • South Halmahera
          • Buli
            • Buli (Indonesia): fat
      • Oceanic: *pat
        • Admiralty Islands
          • Western Admiralty Islands
            • Wuvulu-Aua: fa
        • Central-Eastern Oceanic
          • East Fijian
            • Fijian: va
          • Polynesian: *fa
            • Nuclear Polynesian
              • Ellicean – Eastern Polynesian
                • Anuta: pa
                • Ellicean
                  • Kapingamarangi: haa
                • Tuvalu – Eastern Polynesian
                  • Eastern Polynesian – Northern Outlier
                    • Eastern Polynesian
                      • Marquesic
                        • Hawaiian:
                        • South Marquesan: fa
                      • Rapa Nui: ha
                      • Tahitic
                        • Maori-Moriori
                        • Rarotongan: ā
            • Rennellese: haa
            • Samoan-Tokelauan
            • Tongic
        • Micronesian
          • Gilbertese: a
          • Nuclear Micronesian
            • Kosraean: ah-ŋ
            • Trukic
              • Ponapeic
                • Pohnpeian: pah
              • Ulithian-Woleaian
                • Woleaian: faa
        • Western Oceanic
          • Meso-Melanesian
            • Core Meso-Melanesian
              • Saint Matthias
                • Mussau-Emira: ata
          • North New Guinea
            • Ngero-Vitiaz
          • Papuan Tip
            • Nuclear Papuan Tip
              • North Papuan Mainland – D'Entrecasteaux
                • Dobu-Duau
    • Kowiai: fat
    • Selaru
      • Selaru: at
    • Yamdena: fate / fat
  • Western Malayo-Polynesian: *əpat
    • Borneo-Philippines
      • Barito
        • East Barito
        • West Barito
          • Northwest Barito
      • North Bornean
        • North Sarawakan: *əpat
          • Berawan-Kelabitic
            • Kelabitic
          • Kayan-Murik
            • Kenyah
            • Modang-Kayan
              • Kayan
                • Kayan
                  • Rejang Kayan: pat
          • Melanau-Bintulu
            • Bintulu: pat
            • Melanau
              • Central Melanau: pat
      • Philippine: *əpat
        • Greater Central Philippine
          • Central Philippine
            • Tagalog: apat
            • Visayan
              • Cebuano: upát
              • Central Visayan
                • Peripheral Visayan
              • Western Visayan
          • Gorontalo-Mongondow
            • Gorontalic
            • Mongondowic
          • Mindanao
            • Danao
          • Palawanic
            • Kalamian
              • Calamian Tagbanwa: epat
            • Palawan
              • Palawan Batak: epat
        • Minahasan
          • North Minahasan
        • Northern Philippine
          • Northern Luzon
            • Ilocano: uppat
            • Northern Cordilleran
              • Cagayan Valley
              • Casiguran Dumagat Agta: epát
            • South-Central Cordilleran
              • Central Cordilleran
                • Nuclear Cordilleran
                  • Bontoc-Kankanay
                  • Ifugao
        • Sangiric: *əpat
        • Southern Mindanao
        • Southern Mindoro
      • Sama-Bajaw
        • Bajaw
          • West Coast Bajau: empat
    • Sunda-Sulawesi
      • Celebic
        • Southeast Celebic
          • Kaili-Pamona
            • Northern Kaili-Pamona
              • Pamona
            • Southern Kaili-Pamona
          • Muna-Buton
            • Muna-Buton Nuklear
              • Munan
                • Munic
                  • Western Munic
            • Wotu-Wolio
              • Wolio-Kamaru
      • Old Javanese: pat
      • Lampungic: *paʔ
      • Malayo-Sumbawan
      • Northwest Sumatran
        • Batak
          • Northern Batak
          • Southern Batak
        • Northern Barrier
          • Nias-Sikule
          • Simeulue: at
      • South Sulawesi
        • Bugis
        • Makassar
        • Northern South Sulawesi

External links[edit]