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This Proto-Semitic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Afro-Asiatic *masak-. Compare Egyptian msk3 ‎(skin, hide).



  1. skin


  • Akkadian: 𒋢 ‎(mašku [KUŠ], skin, leather)
  • Arabic: مَسْك ‎(mask, recently cut hide of a lamb or a kid)
  • Aramaic:
    Classical Mandaic: ࡌࡉࡔࡊࡀ ‎(miška, skin), (sporadically) ࡌࡀࡔࡊࡀ ‎(maška)
    Classical Syriac: ܡܫܟܐ ‎(meškā, skin, hide; leather; peel; tribute)
    Jewish Babylonian Aramaic: מְשַׁךְ ‎(mšaḵ), מַשְׁכָּא ‎(maškā, skin, leather)
    Jewish Palestinian Aramaic: משך ‎(mšk, hide, skin, leather)
    Judeo-Aramaic: משך ‎(mšk), משכה ‎(mškh, hide, skin, leather)
    Modern Aramaic: [script needed] ‎(meškā, skin), [script needed] ‎(miška, skin)
    Official Aramaic: 𐡌𐡔𐡊 ‎(mšk, skin, hide)
    Palmyrene: [Palmyrene needed] ‎(mšk, skin, hide)
    • → Ancient Greek: μέσκος ‎(méskos, skin, fleece) (or from another descendant)
    • → Old Armenian: մաշկ ‎(mašk, skin, hide) (or from another descendant)
    • → Old Persian: 𐎶𐏁𐎣𐎠 ‎(maškā-, (inflated) skin) (or from another descendant)
      • Middle Persian: mšk' ‎(mašk, mussuck, skin bag)
        • Persian: مشک ‎(mašk)
          • → Chagatai: [script needed] ‎(mešk), [script needed] ‎(mešik)
          • → Hindustani:
            Urdu: مشک ‎(mašk)
          • → Northern Kurdish: meşk ‎(skin bag)
          • → Ottoman Turkish: مشك ‎(meşk)
  • Hebrew: משך ‎(mäšäk, leather pouch) (with a meaning shift)


  • Tower of Babel
  • "m$k" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • “Skin” in Dakhil Shooshtary (2012), Mandaic Dictionary: English Mandaic, Bloomington: AuthorHouse, ISBN 1456763636, page 239
  • A. Militarev, L. Kogan. Semitic Etymological Dictionary. Vol. 1. Anatomy of Man and Animals. Münster, 2000, No. 190
  • մաշկ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume III, page 260
  • Heinrich Hübschmann (1897), Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie, Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 311