Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/(s/r)-ma(ŋ/k)

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *(r-)mɑŋ~(r-)mɑːŋ (Chou, 1972); *mjəng (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *(s/r)-ma(ŋ/k), *r/s-maŋ ⪤ mak (Matisoff, STEDT); *maŋ (Benedict, 1972; Coblin, 1986); *maŋ, *r-maŋ (Weidert, 1987); *r-maŋ (LaPolla, 1987); *(r-)maŋ (Michailovsky, 1991)

Verb[edit]

(s/r)-ma(ŋ/k)

  1. to dream; dream

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: (*C.məŋ-s (B-S); *mɯŋs (ZS), to dream)
    • Middle Chinese: (mɨuŋH)

         Japanese:   (, ​mu)
            Korean:   (, mong)
            Vietnamese:  mộng

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (mèng, /mɤŋ⁵¹/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /mʊŋ²²/
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin
      /*maŋ/ ("dream") (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: mang (dream)
    • "Naga"
      • Northern Naga
        /*maŋ/ ("dream") (French, 1983)
      • Central Naga
        /*maŋ/ ("dream")
      • Tangkhulic
        /*maŋ/ ("dream") (Mortensen, 2012)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
      • Tamangic
        *ᴬmaŋ, ᴮmaŋ ((to) dream) (Mazaudon, 1994)
    • Mahakiranti
      • Kiranti
        /*maŋ/ ("to dream") (Michailovksy, 1991)
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
  • Karen: *maŋᴮ (dream) (Luangthongkum, 2013)
  • Baic

See also[edit]