Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/b-jəw-n ~ bwəj

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *yəw+śɑ ("animal (prefix) + rat") (Chou, 1972)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *b-yəw-n ("rat / rabbit / hare"), *bwəy ("bamboo rat") (Matisoff, STEDT); *b-yuw, *b-yəw (Benedict, 1972; Chou, 1972)

The *-n here is said to function as a collective plural suffix (STC).

Noun[edit]

*b-jəw-n ~ bwəj

Rhizomys pruinosus, the hoary bamboo rat.
Lepus oiostolus, the woolly hare.
  1. rat, bamboo rat
  2. rabbit, hare

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: /*lu-s/ (?) (B-S, unlisted), /*lɯwɢs/ (ZS) ("weasel"); /*sʰlun, *sʰluns/ (ZS) (dialectal, "hare") (as in 東郭逡, 東郭㕙) (per Matisoff, Schuessler)
    • Middle Chinese: /jɨuH/, /tsʰiuɪn, tsʰiuɪnH/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (yòu, /i̯oʊ̯⁵¹/), (qūn, /t͡ɕʰyn⁵⁵/; jùn, /t͡ɕyn⁵¹/)
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin
      /*yuu/ ("mouse, rat") (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: sa-zu (rat) (first element from *sja-n), bui (bamboo rat)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: yu (rat)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
      • Loloish
        /*pi²/ ("bamboo rat") (Bradley, 1979)
        • Central Loloish
  • Karenic:
    /*jowᴮ/ ("mouse, rat") (Luangthongkum, 2013)

See also[edit]