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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *nyiʔ (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *nəy (Matisoff, STEDT); *niy ~ nəy (Chou, 1972); *niy (Benedict, 1972; Weidert, 1987)


  1. sun
  2. day


  • Old Chinese: /*C.nit/ invalid IPA characters (C) (B-S); /njig/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ (ZS) ("sun, day")
    • Middle Chinese: /ȵiɪt/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (ȵ), invalid IPA characters (ȵ)

         Japanese:   (にち, ​nichi)
            Korean:   (, il)
            Vietnamese:  nhật

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (, /ʐʐ̩⁵¹/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /jɐt̚²/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /ȵiɪ̆ʔ²³/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (ȵ), invalid IPA characters (ȵ) (colloquial), /z̻ə̆ʔ¹²/ (literary)
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /d͡ʑit̚⁵, lit̚⁵/
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (nyip, day, daytime)
  • Karenic:
    /*nejᴬ/ invalid IPA characters (ᴬ) (Luangthongkum, 2013)

See also[edit]