Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/s-mjak ~ s-mik

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *(s-)myəːk (Chou, 1972), *myikw (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *s-myak ⪤ *s-mik (Matisoff, STEDT); *(s-)myəːk (Chou, 1972); *myikw (Coblin, 1986); *mya[a]k (LaPolla, 1987)

This root shows alternation between medial *ya and *i.

In some languages (e.g. Burmish, Karenic) this word also means "face", a relationship perhaps reminiscent of Vietnamese mắt (eye) ~ mặt (face).



  1. eye


  • Old Chinese: /*C.muk/ invalid IPA characters (C) (B-S); /*mug/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ (ZS) ("eye")
    • Middle Chinese: /mɨuk/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: () /mu⁵¹/
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /mʊk̚²/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /mʊ̆ʔ¹²/
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /bak̚⁵/ (colloquial), /bok̚⁵/ (literary)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: མིག (mig, eye)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: မျက် (myak, eye, face, knot in wood)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (nyuo, eye)
  • Karenic:
    /*mɛɁᴰ/ invalid IPA characters (Ɂᴰ) (Luangthongkum, 2013)

See also[edit]