Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/s-nak

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *nək ⪤ Cnək, *nes ~ nyes (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *s-nak (Matisoff, STEDT; LaPolla, 1987)

May be a descendant of *s-maŋ ~ s-mak (black, dark, ink), from assimilation of the root initial (in place of articulation) by the prefix *s-.

Adjective[edit]

*s-nak

  1. black
  2. evil

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: (*nrək (B-S); *nɯg (ZS), to hide); (*n̥ˁək (B-S); *n̥ɯːg (ZS), evil)
    • Middle Chinese: /ɳɨk/, /tʰək/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: () /ni⁵¹/), () /tʰɤ⁵¹/
  • Himalayish
  • Tangut-Qiang
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: နက် (nak, black)