Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/tet ~ tjat

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *tet ~ *tjat (Schuessler, 2007)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *tsyat (Matisoff, STEDT; Benedict, 1972); *tśât (Chou, 1972)


*tet ~ tjat

  1. to cut off, to chop
  2. to break
  3. to bend


  • Old Chinese: /*tet/ ("B-S"), /*ʔljed/ (ZS) ("to bend, to break (v.t.); to defeat; to decay, to die; to detract; to fold"); /*ɴ-tet/ ("B-S"), /*ɦljed/ (ZS) ("to bend (v.i.)")
    • Middle Chinese: (t͡ɕiᴇt, d͡ʑiᴇt), (t͡ɕiᴇp, to fold), (?, crease, wrinkle)

         Japanese:   (せつ, ​setsu)
            Korean:   (, jeol)
            Vietnamese:  chiết

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (zhé, /ʈ͡ʂɤ³⁵/, to break (sth.)); (shé, /ʂɤ³⁵/, to snap, to break (by itself)), (zhé, /ʈ͡ʂɤ³⁵/, to fold), (zhě, /ʈ͡ʂɤ²¹⁴/, crease, wrinkle)
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin: *tsat (to break, to snap) (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: chat (to break, to snap; asunder, apart)
  • Himalayish
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese: *tsat, *{C}-tsat (to break (in two)) (Matisoff, 1972)
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ဆတ် (hcat, brittle)