Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-ę)
Jump to: navigation, search
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Nominative singular ending *-ę reflects Early Proto-Slavic *-ēn, a regular reflex of a pre-form *-ent. Slavic nt-stems have no clear comparison in other Indo-European languages. It is usually compared to Latvian nouns in -ēn- which also often denote young animals with three possible theories of origin:

  • Slavic suffix *-nt- originated in Proto-Slavic, by agglutination of the inherited Balto-Slavic *-n- and a secondary suffix *-t- of obscure origin.
  • Balto-Slavic inflection exhibited ablaut, with Slavic generalizing normal grade *-en- and Baltic generalizing lengthened grade *-ēn-, with the origin of Slavic *-t- remaining unexplained.
  • Balto-Slavic inflection already contained *-nt- suffix, retained in Slavic but with Baltic generalizing the nominoaccusative stem in *-ēn < *-ent.


*-ę n

  1. Forms nouns for young animals and other diminutives.


Derived terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: (-ja)
    • Russian: (-ja)
    • Ukrainian: (-ja)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic: ()
    • Bulgarian: (-e)
    • Macedonian: (-e)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Latin: -e
    • Slovene: -e
  • West Slavic: