Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ьcь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-ikos. Comparison with other languages points to the antiquity of denominal formations, which are most likely substantivized adjectives.[1] Cognate with Ancient Greek -ικός(-ikós) (adjectival, corresponding semantically to *-ьnъ, the adjectival equivalent of *-ьcь).

Suffix[edit]

*-ьcь m

  1. Denominal, forming diminutives.
    *rogъ(horn)*rožьcь(a small horn)
    *obvolkъ(cloud)*obvolčьcь(a small cloud)
    *gordъ(city, town)*gordьcь(a small town)
  2. Deadjectival, denoting persons having the specified property.
    *bordatъ(bearded)*bordatьcь(a bearded man)
    *starъ(old)*starьcь(an old man)
    *mǫdrъ(wise)*mǫdrьcь(a wise man)
  3. Deverbal (from the stem), forming agent nouns.
    *plęsati(to dance)*plęsьcь(dancer)
    *loviti(to hunt)*lovьcь(hunter)
    *gǫdti > *gǫsti(to play a string instrument)*godьcь(musician)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ьць(-ĭcĭ)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: -ьць(-ĭcĭ)
      Glagolitic: -ⱐⱌⱐ(-ĭcĭ)
    • Bulgarian: -ец(-ec)
    • Macedonian: -ец(-ec)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -ац
      Latin: -ac
    • Slovene: -ec
  • West Slavic:

References[edit]

  • ^ Brugmann, Karl. (21916) Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen: II. Lehre von den Wortformen und ihrem Gebrauch, 1. Allgemeines, Zusammensetzung (Komposita), Nominalstämme. Strassburg., pp. 487–491