Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ina

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This reconstruction page lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Compare Lithuanian -ynas and -iena.

Suffix[edit]

*-ina f

  1. Denominal, forming collectives denoting something of vital importance.
    *drugъ (friend)*družina (team, company)
    *rodъ (kin, tribe)*rodina (people or land belonging to the family)
  2. Denominal, forming collectives denoting names of trees, woods and bushes.
    *dervo (wood)*dervina (sticks, trees)
    *dǫbъ (oak)*dǫbina (oak forest)
  3. (by extension) Denominal, forming collective nouns that act as singulatives.
    *berza (birch)*berzovina (birch forest; birch)
    *zvěrь (animal)*zvěrina (animals, game; animal)
  4. Deadjectival, denoting a property or a result.
    *bělъ (white)*bělina (whiteness)
    *blizъ (close)*blizina (closeness), *bližina (closeness)
    *istъ (true)*istina (truth)
    *novъ (new)*novina (something new)
    *bystrъ (rapid, fast)*bystrina (cleverness, quickness in thought)
    *tixъ (silent)*tišina (silence)
    *glǫbokъ (deep)*glǫbina (depth)
    *čistъ (clear, pure)*čistina (purity)
  5. Denominal, miscellaneous uses.
    *dolъ (valley, depression)*dolina (valley)
    *govędo (ox)*govędina (ox meat)
    *bolto (mud)*boltina, *boltovina (swamp, marsh)
  6. Denominal, for expressive formations, usually of augmentative and pejorative connotation.
    *golva (head)*golvina
    *lupa (shell, husk)*lupina
    *konьcь (end)*konьčina
    *godъ*godina (the right time)
  7. Denominal or deverbal, forming agentive and action nouns.
    *gostь, *gostiti*gostina (hospitality)
    *brat(r)ъ, *brat(r)iti sę*bratina, *bratrina (fraternity)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]