Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ja

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-yeh₂. Cognate with Lithuanian -ia and -ja.

Suffix[edit]

*-ja f

  1. Suffix creating feminine action nouns, usually concretized in nomina instrumenti and nomina acti.
    1. Deverbal, from the present stem.
      */sěkti/ > *sěťi(to cut, mow, chop)*/sěkja/ > *sěča(chopping, cutting)
      *žędati(to be thirsty)*žęďa(thirst)
      */prędti/ > *pręsti(to spin)*pręďa(yarn)
    2. Deadjectival.
      *suxъ(dry)*/suxja/ > *suša(drought)
      *gǫstъ(dense)*/gǫstja/ > *gǫšča(thicket; slurry, sludge; something dense or densely arranged)
      *mokrъ(wet)*/mokja/ > *moča(wetness)
    3. Denominal.
      *světъ(light, brigtness)*/svetja/ > *svěťa(candle)
      *koza(goat)*/kozja/ > *koža(skin, leather)
      *duxъ(spirit)*/duxja/ > *duša(soul)
      *tьstь(father in law)*/tьstja/ > *tьšča(mother in law)
      *gospodь(lord, master)*/gospodja/ > *gospoďa(lady, mistress)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]