(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-kati)
In Proto-Slavic, and probably Proto-Indo-European, many onomatopoeic sounds ended in */k/; for example:
- *bьlkъ! → *bьlkati, *bьlčǫ/bьlkajǫ (“to sound like a blazing fire or boiling water; to babble, chatter”)
- post-PIE *plāk- (“to beat, whip”) → *plakati, *plačǫ (sę) (“to beat, whip (oneself), cry, lament”)
This caused the suffix *-k- to be reinterpreted as having expressive/onomatopoeic meaning.
- Creates onomatopoeic verbs denoting an action of mimicking a sound in the root.
- Creates expressive and emotionally colored verbs.
- (by extension, from the previous meaning) Creates hypocoristic and and diminutive verbs.
- *-čati (parallel formation with the same meaning)
- *-i-kati, -i-kajǫ (extended form)
- *-u-kati, -u-kajǫ (extended form)
- *-y-kati, -y-kajǫ (extended form)
- East Slavic:
- South Slavic:
- West Slavic:
- Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974) Słownik prasłowiański (in Polish), volume I, Wrocław: Polska Akademia Nauk, page 49f