Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-tva

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a-extension of supine *-tъ (u-stem).[1] Or from Proto-Indo-European *-tweh₂.[2]

Cognate with Lithuanian milžtuvė̃, Lietuvà, balt. *jātvingas. Compare Latin lītus, Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌹𐌾𐌰𐌸𐍅𐌰 (frijaþwa).

Suffix[edit]

*-tva f

  1. Deverbative, forming nouns denoting an act, state, result.
    Synonyms: *-ьje, *-ьba, *-ъ
    *pasti (to graze)*pastva (flock)
    *klęti (to curse)*klętva (curse)
    *orati (to plow)*oratva (plowing)
    *modliti (to pray)*modlitva (prayer)
    *sěti (to sow)*sětva (sowing)
    *žęti (to reap, harvest)*žętva (harvest)
  2. Deverbative, forming nouns denoting a tool.
    Synonyms: *-dlo
    *briti (to shave)*britva (razor)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trubačev O. N., editor (1980), “*gonitva”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 07, Moscow: Nauka, page 23
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “bitva”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 32