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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *glenˀd-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰlend- (to shine, look) (given as *gʰlendʰ- in Rix).

Cognate with Latvian glen̂st (to barely perceive) (West Latvian dialectal, where the broken and falling tones merge), nùogleñst (to notice), Proto-Germanic *glintaną (whence Middle High German glinzen (to shine), whence English glint), Old Irish glése (shiny), asgleinn (to examine, to investigate), Albanian gjas (to be similar).


*glę̀dati impf

  1. to look at, to watch


Accent paradigm a.

Related terms[edit]



  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “гляде́ть”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 193
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*glę̀dati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ↑ISBN, page 164
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*gʰlendʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ↑ISBN, page 200
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1979), “*ględati”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 06, Moscow: Nauka, pages 122–123
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “гляде́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress