Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/otъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *at- (see reduplicated *átta). A nursery word. Displaced *ph₂tḗr ‎(father).

Compare Proto-Germanic *attô (> 𐌰𐍄𐍄𐌰 ‎(atta, father) > *𐌰𐍄𐍄𐌹𐌻𐌰 ‎(Attila)), Ancient Greek ἄττα ‎(átta, father), Latin atta ‎(father), Albanian at, Old Irish aite, Hittite [script needed] ‎(attaš, father), Ossetian æda ‎(dad, father), Sanskrit अत्ता ‎(attā, mother, mother's elder sister).

Noun[edit]

*otъ m

  1. father

Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Attested only in suffixed forms.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *at, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁óti, form of *h₁éti with o-vocalism in the root.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian prefix at- ‎(back, away), Latvian prefix at- ‎(back away) and Old Prussian prefix at-, et- ‎(back, away).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit अति ‎(áti, beyond, over), Ancient Greek ἔτι ‎(éti, yet, still, besides) and Latin et ‎(and).

Preposition[edit]

*otъ

  1. (with genitive) from, away from
  2. (with genitive) originating from, starting from (a place or time), since
  3. (with genitive) of, made of, consisting of
  4. (with genitive) out of (a selection)
  5. (with genitive) by (in passive; by the action of)

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Comment[edit]

All languages except OCS, Russian, Sorbian and Bulgarian have generalized ot to od, which is the statistically more prevalent form due to word sandhi (i.e. before vowels, sonorants and voiced consonants), and which was reanalyzed as the basic, normal form.

Descendants[edit]

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: отъ ‎(otŭ)
    • Old Novgorodian: ѿ ‎(otŭ)

References[edit]

  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 382
  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “от”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 383
  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “отец”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “отец”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 610
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “отец”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa