Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *at, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁óti, form of *h₁éti with o-vocalism in the root.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian prefix at- ‎(back, away), Latvian prefix at- ‎(back away) and Old Prussian prefix at-, et- ‎(back, away).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit अति ‎(áti, beyond, over), Ancient Greek ἔτι ‎(éti, yet, still, besides) and Latin et ‎(and).



  1. (with genitive) from, away from
  2. (with genitive) originating from, starting from (a place or time), since
  3. (with genitive) of, made of, consisting of
  4. (with genitive) out of (a selection)
  5. (with genitive) by (in passive; by the action of)




All languages except OCS, Rusian, Sorbian an Bulgarian have generalized ot to od, which is the statistically more prevalent form due to word sandhi (i.e. before vowels, sonants and voiced consonants), and which was reanalyzed as the basic, normal form.



  • Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 382
  • от in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv