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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *(s)pjāˀu-, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ptyēw- (to spit, vomit) (often reconstructed as *(s)pyēw-). Cognate with Lithuanian spiáuti (to spit), Latvian spļaũt (to split), Proto-Germanic *spīwaną, Latin spuō (spit, verb), Ancient Greek πτύω (ptúō, spit, vomit), Old Armenian թուք (tʿukʿ), Sanskrit ष्ठीवति (ṣthī́vati).


*pljьvàti ?

  1. to spit


Accent paradigm a.

  • 1sg. *pljujǫ

This verb needs an inflection-table template.



  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “плева́ть”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, pages 39–40
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*pjьvàti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 402
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “плюю́”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress