Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/ryba

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Slavic/ryba)
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain origin.

Central Indo-European word for "fish" *dǵʰuH- ‎(fish) (yielding Ancient Greek ἰχθύς ‎(ikhthús), Lithuanian žuvìs, Old Armenian ձուկն ‎(jukn)) would have given Proto-Slavic v-stem **zy (genitive **zъve, accusative **zъvь), and was, as the theory goes, avoided by fishermen due to taboo, or because it would've sounded too similar to the verb *zъvati ‎(to call).

Some of the proposed etymologies include:

  • From Early Proto-Slavic *rų̄bā, which is then comparable to *rębъ ‎(speckled, motley, variegated), with fish scales being the semantic connection. For a similar development compare *pьstry ‎(salmonid fish), originally "the colorful/variegated one" < *pьstrъ ‎(variegated).
  • From the Early Proto-Slavic root *ūr- ‎(water, swamp, pond) which is attested in Baltic languages, with a rare metathesis and the suffix *-ba for forming abstract nouns.

Noun[edit]

*ry̋ba f

  1. fish

Inflection[edit]

Accent paradigm a.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gluhak, Alemko (1993) Hrvatski etimološki rječnik (in Serbo-Croatian), Zagreb: August Cesarec, page 526
  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “рыба”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress