Appendix:Proto-Slavic/ryba

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This entry contains Proto-Slavic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain origin.

Central Indo-European word for "fish" *dǵʰuH- (fish) (yielding Ancient Greek ἰχθύς (ikhthus), Lithuanian žuvìs, Old Armenian ձուկն (jukn)) would have given Proto-Slavic v-stem **zy (genitive **zъve, accusative **zъvь), and was, as the theory goes, avoided by fishermen due to taboo, or because it would've sounded too similar to the verb *zъvati (to call).

Some of the proposed etymologies include:

  • From Early Proto-Slavic *rūmbā (with the loss of medial *-m-), which is then comparable to *rębъ (speckled, motley, variegated), with fish scales being the semantic connection. For a similar development compare *pьstry (salmonid fish), originally "the colorful/variegated one" < *pьstrъ (variegated).
  • From the Early Proto-Slavic root *ūr- (water, swamp, pond) which is attested in Baltic languages, with a rare metathesis and the suffix *-ba for forming abstract nouns.

Noun[edit]

*ry̋ba f (accent paradigm a)

  1. fish

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Alemko Gluhak (1993), Hrvatski etimološki rječnik, August Cesarec: Zagreb, page 526
  • рыба” in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv