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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]

  • *sěkti (earlier, unassimilated form, as in Derksen, Chernykh, Vasmer)
  • *sěkťi (earlier, partly assimilated form, as in Trubachev)


From Proto-Indo-European *sek- (to cut), with unexplained -ě-. Cognate with Latin secō (to cut, to mow). Explanations for the -ě- vary:

  • Rix (LIV) reconstructs an acrodynamic (Narten) present *sēk-. (In the Leiden school view of Derksen and Kortlandt, this would not yield the required acute vowel.)
  • Kortlandt asserts that the vowel of *sěkti was lengthened to disambiguate the verb from the root preserved in Lithuanian sèkti (to watch, to follow), Proto-Slavic *sočiti (to pursue, to indicate) < Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ-.
  • Derksen notes that the short root vowel is preserved in секыра (sekyra, axe).


*sěťi impf

  1. to cut, mow


Accent paradigm c.

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 446
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “секу”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “сечь”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 159