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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Usually explained as a compound of Proto-Indo-European *h₁su- ‎(well, good) + *dóru ‎(tree, wood). Morphologically *sъ- +‎ *dorv-.

However, the lack of Winter's law on the first member of the compound (cf. the apparent cognate compound in Lithuanian sū́drus ‎(thick, dense) where Winter's law did operate) has lead Meillet to connect *sъdòrvъ to Sanskrit ध्रुव ‎(dhruva, firm, solid) and Avestan 𐬛𐬭𐬎𐬎𐬀 ‎(druua). The original form would thus be *sъ̀dorvъ with ictus shifted by Dybo's law.



The original meaning could be "sturdy like tree (like oak)"

  1. healthy


Accent paradigm a.

Related terms[edit]

  • *dervo ‎(tree, wood)
  • *drъvo ‎(tree, (pl.) wood)



  • Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 478
  • здоровый in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv
  • здоровый” in Pavel Černyx (1999), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 2 vols (3rd ed.), Moscow: Publishing House "Russian Language", volume 1, page 321
  • “*dervo” in Oleg Trubačóv (ed.) (1974–), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages], Moscow: Nauka, volume 04, page 211ff