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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Of unclear origin. According to some, connected with the word torži̋ti ‎(to seek, look for). For a semantic parallel compare Hungarian keres ‎(to seek, look for) : kereskedelem ‎(trade, commerce).

The place-name Latin Tergeste (whence Italian Trieste), first attested around 100 BC (by the Greek geographer Artemidorus of Ephesus), possibly from Venetic, but with the typically Illyrian suffix -est-, has often been derived from a *terg- which is speculated to mean "market" or "marketplace" and to be cognate with the Slavic lexeme.


*tъrgъ m

  1. merchandise, commodity, wares
  2. (by extension) a place were trade is being done; market




  • Alemko Gluhak (1993), Hrvatski etimološki rječnik, August Cesarec: Zagreb, page 637f
  • торг in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv