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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥, zero-grade form of *h₁én.



  1. (+ locative) in, inside, within (stationary)
  2. (+ accusative) in, into, inside (motion to)
  3. (+ accusative) at (a moment in time)
  4. (+ locative) in, during (a period of time)

Usage notes[edit]

Because of the law of open syllables, the final -n was normally dropped. But when combined with a stem that (originally?) began with a vowel, it was attached to the following word.



  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: у ‎(u), ў ‎(ŭ)
    • Russian: в ‎(v), во ‎(vo)
    • Ukrainian: у ‎(u), в ‎(v)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic: въ ‎()
    • Bulgarian: в ‎(v)
    • Macedonian: во ‎(vo)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: у, (Kajkavian в, ву)
      Latin: u, (Kajkavian v, vu)
    • Slovene: v
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: v, ve
    • Polish: w, we
    • Slovak: v, vo
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: w
      • Upper Sorbian: w