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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *zel- +‎ *-enъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źelʔ-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃-.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian žãlias ‎(green), žel̃vas ‎(greenish), Latvian zalš ‎(green), Old Prussian saligan ‎(green).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit हरि ‎(hari, fallow, yellowish, greenish), Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬥𐬫𐬀 ‎(zaranya), Latin helvus ‎(honey-yellow), Albanian dhelpërë, Ancient Greek χλωρός ‎(khlōrós, pale green, greenish yellow), Proto-Germanic *gelwaz ‎(yellow).



  1. green


Accent paradigm b.

See also[edit]

Colors in Proto-Slavic · *květi (layout · text)
     *čьrvenъ, *rudъ      *zelenъ, *grěnъ      *žьltъ
(of animals) *solvъ
     *polvъ      *bělъ
(of animals) *bronъ
     ?      ?      ?      *zelenъ      ?
     ?      *modrъ, *sinjь      *granivъ      *sivъ, *śěrъ      ?
(of animals) *vornъ
     *bagъrъ      *smědъ, *snědъ
(of animals) *gnědъ
     *polvъ      ?



  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 541
  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “зеленый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “зелёный”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 322