Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *zel- +‎ *-enъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źelʔ-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃-.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian žãlias (green), žel̃vas (greenish), Latvian zalš (green), Old Prussian saligan (green).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit हरि (hari, fallow, yellowish, greenish), Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬥𐬫𐬀 (zaranya), Latin helvus (honey-yellow), Albanian dhelpërë, Ancient Greek χλωρός (khlōrós, pale green, greenish yellow), Proto-Germanic *gelwaz (yellow).



  1. green


Accent paradigm b.

See also[edit]

Colors in Proto-Slavic · *květi (layout · text)
(of animals) *bronъ
     *sivъ, *śěrъ      *čьrnъ
(of animals) *vornъ
     *smědъ, *snědъ
(of animals) *gnědъ
             ?              *čьrvenъ, *rudъ, ?              *granivъ              *žьltъ
(of animals) *solvъ, *polvъ
             *zelenъ              *zelenъ, *grěnъ              {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              ?, ?
             *polvъ              *modrъ, *sinjь              ?, ?              ?, *bagъrъ



  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 541
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “зеленый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “зелёный”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 322