Reconstruction:Proto-Uralic/kale-

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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Uralic[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

The Finnic and Samoyedic reflexes point to *kale-, while the Samic and Mordvinic reflexes point to *kola-. According to Aikio (2016), the latter is a regular secondary development.

Verb[edit]

*kale-

  1. to die

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Samoyedic: *kåə-
    • Enets: kaja
      • Forest Enets: [Term?]
      • Tundra Enets: [Term?]
    • Selkup: [script needed] (kua-), [script needed] (qū-)
  • Ugric:
    • Hungarian: hal
    • Khanty: [script needed] (kala-)
    • Mansi: [script needed] (holi)
  • Permic:
  • Mari: колеш (koleš)
  • Mordvinic:
  • Finnic: *kooldak (see there for further descendants)
  •  ? Samic: *koalōtēk (to freeze) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • Aikio, Ante. 2016. "The Finnic 'secondary e-stems' and Proto-Uralic vocalism". Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Aikakauskirja 95, pp. 25–66.
  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-07741-6.

External links[edit]

  • Entry #339 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.