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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. daughter-in-law


  • Samoyedic: *mäńä
    • Nganasan: [script needed] ‎(meai)
    • Enets:
      • Tundra Enets: [script needed] ‎()
    • Nenets:
      • Forest Nenets: [Term?]
      • Tundra Nenets: мея
    • Kamassian: [script needed] ‎(mêji)
    • Mator: [script needed] ‎(мае)
  • Ugric:
    • Hungarian: meny
    • Khanty: мень ‎(men’)
    • Mansi:
      • Southern: [script needed] ‎(miń)
      • Eastern: [script needed] ‎(mäń)
      • Northern: мань ‎(mań)
  • Permic:
  • Samic: *mëńē (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnic: *minijä (see there for further descendants)


  • Rédei, Károly (editor). 1986–88. Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch ('Uralic Etymological Dictionary'). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-07741-6.