Appendix:Roman praenomina

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This is a list of Roman praenomina. See Roman naming conventions.

  • Appius (Ap.) — only used by gens Claudia.
  • Aulus (A.) or Olus.
  • Caelus — from Etruscan Caele.
  • Decius — associated with the gens Minatia.
  • Decimus (D.) — "tenth".
  • Faustus — "lucky" an archaic praenomen revived by the dictator Sulla for his twin children. Used by his descendants ever after. Uncommon.
  • Flavius — from flavus ("golden"), imperial praenomen after the 3rd century. The name survived into the eighth century AD.
  • Gaius (C.) — often written as "Caius", because it was originally spelled that way before C and G were separated. From Etruscan Cae or Cai, meaning unknown.
  • Gnaeus (Cn.) — often written as "Cnaeus".
  • Kaeso (K.) or Caeso — "Cut from the womb". Uncommon. Only used by gens Fabia.
  • Lucius (L.) — common.
  • Mamercus (Mam.) — from Etruscan Mamerce. Associated with gens Aemilia Lepida.
  • Manius (M'.) — "Morning". Uncommon, "M'." often confused with "M."
  • Marcus (M.) — from Etruscan Marce, meaning unknown. There may be a connection with Mars if he turns out to be of Etruscan origin. Common.
  • Mettius — from Etruscan Metie.
  • Numerius (N.) — from Etruscan Numesie, associated with gens Fabia.
  • Octavianus (O.) — "eight".
  • Publius (P.) — from publius ("public"), common, originally Etruscan Puplie. Latin populace is probably from the same Etruscan word, as Pupluna became Populonia in Latin.
  • Quintus (Q. or Qu.) — "fifth". Common.
  • Secundus — "second".
  • Septimus (Sept.) — "seventh".
  • Servius (S. or Ser.) — from servo ("to preserve"); uncommon.
  • Sextus (Sex.) — "sixth".
  • Spurius (Sp.) — from spurius ("of illegitimate birth").
  • Tertius — "third".
  • Tiberius (Ti.) — from Etruscan Thefarie, probably from the river; common.
  • Titus (T.) — from Etruscan Tite, meaning unknown. The spurious Indo-European derivation, titulus ("title of honor"), is a superseded theory. Common.


Other, uncommon praenomina include


See also[edit]

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