Appendix:Romanian alphabet

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The Romanian alphabet is the 31-letter alphabet of the modern Romanian language. It consists of the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet, plus 5 special characters obtained by applying diacritics.


# Letter Name Pronunciation Note Example Phonetic pairing
Romanian English
1 А а a /a/ arbore /ˈar.bo.re/ (tree) Ana
2 Ă ă ă /ə/ ăsta /ˈəs.ta/ (this)
3 Â â â din a /ɨ/ Same pronunciation as Î, used within words sfânt /sfɨnt/ (saint)
4 B b be /b/ băiat /bəˈjat/ (boy) Barbu
5 C c ce /k/ crede /ˈkre.de/ (believe) Constantin
/tʃ/ before i or e citi /tʃiˈti/ (read)
6 D d de /d/ dragoste /ˈdra.ɡos.te/ (love) Dumitru
7 E e e /e/ spate /ˈspa.te/ (back) Elena
/je/ at the beginnings of words este /ˈjes.te/ (is)
8 F f fe / ef /f/ foc /fok/ (flame) Florea
9 G g ghe / ge /ɡ/ greu /ɡrew/ (heavy) Gheorghe
/dʒ/ before i or e plânge /ˈplɨn.dʒe/ (cry)
10 H h ha / haș /h/ hotel /hoˈtel/ (hotel) Haralambie
11 I i i /i/ ipocrit /i.poˈkrit/ (hypocrite) Ion
/j/ before and after vowels ianuarie /ja.nuˈa.ri.e/ (January)
/ʲ/ mostly at the ends of words băieți /bəˈjet͡sʲ/ (boys)
12 Î î î din i /ɨ/ same pronunciation as Â, used at the beginnings and ends of words înger /ˈɨn.dʒer/ (angel)
13 J j je /ʒ/ jigni /ʒiɡˈni/ (to offend) Jean
14 K k ka (de la kilogram) /k/ mostly in words of foreign derivation kilogram /ki.loˈɡram/ (kilogram) K
15 L l el /l/ lapte /ˈlap.te/ (milk) Luca
16 M m me / em /m/ martie /ˈmar.ti.e/ (march) Marin
17 N n ne / en /n/ noroc /noˈrok/ (luck) Nicolae
18 O o o /o/ octombrie /okˈtom.bri.e/ (October) Olga
19 P p pe /p/ pașaport /pa.ʃaˈport/ (passport) Petre
20 Q q chiu /k/ quasar /ˈkwa.sar/ (quasar) Q
21 R r re / er /r/ românește /ro.mɨˈneʃ.te/ (in Romanian) Radu
22 S s se / es /s/ simplu /ˈsim.plu/ (simple) Sandu
23 Ș ș șe /ʃ/ șarpe /ˈʃar.pe/ (snake)
24 T t te /t/ timp /ˈtimp/ (time) Tudor
25 Ț ț țe /t͡s/ țară /ˈt͡sa.rə/ (country)
26 U u u /u/ ușă /ˈu.ʃə/ (door) Udrea
27 V v ve /v/ vară /ˈva.rə/ (Summer) Vasile
28 W w dublu ve /v/ watt /vat/ (watt) dublu V
29 X x ics /ɡz/ exemplu /eɡˈzem.plu/ (example) Xenopol
/ks/ sexos /sek.sos/ (sexy)
30 Y y i grec /i/ ytriu /ˈi.trju/ (yttrium) I grec
31 Z z ze / zet /z/ zahăr /ˈza.hər/ (sugar) Zamfir

See also[edit]