- 1 Noun
- 2 Transitive verb
- 3 Intransitive verb
- 4 Etymology
- 5 Noun
- 6 Etymology
- 7 Adjective
- 8 Noun
- 9 Noun
- 10 Noun
- 11 Noun
- 12 Adjective
- 13 Transitive verb
- 14 Noun
- 15 Noun
- 16 Etymology
- 17 Etymology
- 18 Adjective
- 19 Noun
- 20 Etymology
- 21 Adjective
- 22 Etymology
- 23 Noun
- 24 Etymology
- 25 Etymology
- 26 Etymology
- 27 Noun
- 28 Etymology
- 29 Etymology
- 30 Noun
- 31 Etymology
- A sort of spice, the grain of paradise.</def> [Obs.]
He cheweth grain and licorice,
To smellen sweet. Chaucer.
<cs><col>Against the grain</col>, <cd>against or across the direction of the fibers; hence, against one's wishes or tastes; unwillingly; unpleasantly; reluctantly; with difficulty.</cd> Swift.Saintsbury.
- A grain of allowance</col>, <cd>a slight indulgence or latitude a small allowance.</cd>
- Grain binder</col>, <cd>an attachment to a harvester for binding the grain into sheaves.</cd>
- Grain colors</col>, <cd>dyes made from the coccus or kermes in sect.</cd>
- Grain leather</col>. <sd>(a)</sd> <cd>Dressed horse hides.</cd> <sd>(b)</sd> <cd>Goat, seal, and other skins blacked on the grain side for women's shoes, etc.</cd>
- Grain moth</col> <fld>(Zoöl.)</fld>, <cd>one of several small moths, of the family <spn>Tineidæ</spn> (as <spn>Tinea granella</spn> and <spn>Butalis cereAlella</spn>), whose larvæ devour grain in storehouses.</cd>
- Grain side</col> <fld>(Leather)</fld>, <cd>the side of a skin or hide from which the hair has been removed; -- opposed to <contr>flesh side.</contr></cd>
- Grains of paradise</col>, <cd>the seeds of a species of amomum.</cd>
- grain tin</col>, <cd>crystalline tin ore metallic tin smelted with charcoal.</cd>
- Grain weevil</col> <fld>(Zoöl.)</fld>, <cd>a small red weevil (Sitophilus granarius), which destroys stored wheat and othar grain, by eating out the interior.</cd>
- Grain worm</col> <fld>(Zoöl.)</fld>, <cd>the larva of the grain moth. See <cref>grain moth</cref>, above.</cd>
- In grain</col>, <cd>of a fast color; deeply seated; fixed; innate; genuine.</cd> Anguish in grain." Herbert.
- To dye in grain</col>, <cd>to dye of a fast color by means of the coccus or kermes grain [see Grain, n., 5]; hence, to dye firmly; also, to dye in the wool, or in the raw material. See under <er>Dye.</er></cd>
- The red roses flush up in her cheeks . . .
Likce crimson dyed in grain. Spenser.
- To go against the grain of</col> (a person), <cd>to be repugnant to; to vex, irritate, mortify, or trouble.</cd>
Imperfect and past participle: Grained ;
Present Participle: <er>Graining.</er>]
- To paint in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.
- To form (powder, sugar, etc.) into grains.
- To take the hair off (skins); to soften and raise the grain of (leather, etc.).
F. <ets>grainer</ets>, <ets>grener.</ets> See Grain, n.
- To yield fruit.</def> [Obs.]
- To form grains, or to assume a granular ferm, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.
See Groin a part of the body.
- A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.</def> [Obs.]
- A tine, prong, or fork.</def> Specifically: <sd>(a)</sd> <def>One the branches of a valley or of a river.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <pluf>pl.</pluf> <def>An iron first speak or harpoon, having four or more barbed points.
- A blade of a sword, knife, etc.
- (Founding): A thin piece of metal, used in a mold to steady a core.
- Having a grain; divided into small particles or grains; showing the grain; hence, rough.
- Dyed in grain; ingrained.
- Persons lightly dipped, not grained, in generous honesty, are but pale in goodness.
Sir T. Browne.
- Painted or stained in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.
- (Bot.): Having tubercles or grainlike processes, as the petals or sepals of some flowers.
- An infusion of pigeon's dung used by tanners to neutralize the effects of lime and give flexibility to skins; -- called also <altname>grains</altname> and <altname>bate.</altname></def>
<def>A knife for taking the hair off skins.
- One who paints in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.; also, the brush or tool used in graining.
- A field where grain is grown.
- Indentation; roughening; milling, as on edges of coins.
- A process in dressing leather, by which the skin is softened and the grain raised.
- Painting or staining, in imitation of the grain of wood, atone, etc.
- (Soap Making): The process of separating soap from spent lye, as with salt.
- (Zoöl.): A small European fresh-water fish (Leuciscus vulgaris); - called also dobule, and dace.
<def>See 5th Grain, n., 2 <sd>(b)</sd>.
- Pigeon's dung used in tanning. See <er>Grainer.</er> n., 1.
- Resembling grains; granular.
[Obs.] <def>See <er>Greith.</er>
- Furniture; apparatus or accouterments for work, traveling, war, etc.</def> [Scot.]
- (Zoöl.): See <er>Grackle.</er>
NL., fr. L. <ets>grallae</ets> stilts, for <ets>gradulae</ets>, fr. <ets>gradus.</ets> See <er>Grade.</er> <fld>(Zoöl.): An order of birds which formerly included all the waders. By later writers it is usually restricted to the sandpipers, plovers, and allied forms; -- called also <altname>Grallatores.</altname>
NL. from L. <ets>grallator</ets> one who runs on stilts. <fld>(Zoöl.): See <er>Grallæ</er>.</def> <mhw>Grallatorial, Grallatory
<mhw> a. <fld>(Zoöl.): Of or pertaining to the Grallatores, or waders.
- (Zoöl.): Pertaining to the Grallæ.
(l&imac;n), a. <fld>(Zoöl.): Of or pertaining to the Grallæ.
- Offal of a deer.</def> -- <def2>v. t. <def>To remove the offal from (a deer).</def></def2>
Gr. ? a thing drawn or written, a letter, fr. <grk>gra`fein</grk> to draw, write. See <er>Graphic.</er>
- A suffix indicating something drawn or written, a drawing, writing; -- as, monogram, telegram, chronogram.
AS. gram; akin to E. grim. &root;35.
- Angry.</def> [Obs.]
Havelok, the Dane.
Pg. <ets>gr?o</ets> grain. See <er>Grain.</er> <fld>(Bot.): The East Indian name of the chick-pea (<spn>Cicer arietinum</spn>) and its seeds; also, other similar seeds there used for food.
F. <ets>gramme</ets>, from Gr. ? that which is written, a letter, a small weight, fr. ? to write. See <er>Graphic.</er>
- The unit of weight in the metric system. It was intended to be exactly, and is very nearly, equivalent to the weight in a vacuum of one cubic centimeter of pure water at its maximum density. It is equal to 15.432 grains. See Grain, n., 4.
<cs><col>Gram degree</col>, ∨ <col>Gramme degree</col></mcol> <fld>(Physics)</fld>, <cd>a unit of heat, being the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one gram of pure water one degree centigrade.</cd>
- Gram equivalent</col> <fld>(Electrolysis)</fld>, <cd>that quantity of the metal which will replace one gram of hydrogen.</cd>
Sp. <ets>grama</ets> a sort of grass. <fld>(Bot.): The name of several kinds of pasture grasses found in the Western United States, esp. the <spn>Bouteloua oligostachya</spn>.
OE. <ets>gramer</ets>, <ets>grameri</ets>, <ets>gramori</ets>, grammar, magic, OF. <ets>gramaire</ets>, F. <ets>grammaire.</ets> See <er>Grammar.</er>
- Necromancy; magic.
Sir W. Scott.
- Gaiters reaching to the knee; leggings.
- Strong gramashes, or leggings of thick gray cloth.
Sir W. Scott.
See Gram, a.
- Anger; wrath; scorn.</def> [Obs.]
- Sorrow; grief; misery.</def> [Obs.]