Wiktionary:Webster 1913/731

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Im"i*ta*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being imitable; worthness of imitation.


Im"i*tan*cy (?), n. [From L. imitans, p. pr. of imitare.] Tendency to imitation. [R.] Carlyle.


Im"i*tate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imitating (?).] [L. imitatus, p. p. of imitari to imitate; of unknown origin. Cf. Image.]

1. To follow as a pattern, model, or example; to copy or strive to copy, in acts, manners etc.

   Despise wealth and imitate a dog. Cowlay.

2. To produce a semblance or likeness of, in form, character, color, qualities, conduct, manners, and the like; to counterfeit; to copy.

   A place picked out by choice of best alive The Nature's work by art can imitate. Spenser.
   This hand appeared a shining sword to weild, And that sustained an imitated shield. Dryden.

3. (Biol.) To resemble (another species of animal, or a plant, or inanimate object) in form, color, ornamentation, or instinctive habits, so as to derive an advantage thereby; sa, when a harmless snake imitates a venomous one in color and manner, or when an odorless insect imitates, in color, one having secretion offensive to birds.


Im"i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. imitatio: cf. F. imitation.]

1. The act of imitating.

   Poesy is an art of imitation, . . . that is to say, a representing, counterfeiting, or figuring forth. Sir P. Sidney.

2. That which is made or produced as a copy; that which is made to resemble something else, whether for laudable or for fraudulent purposes; likeness; resemblance.

   Both these arts are not only true imitations of nature, but of the best nature. Dryden.

3. (Mus.) One of the principal means of securing unity and consistency in polyphonic composition; the repetition of essentially the same melodic theme, phrase, or motive, on different degrees of pitch, by one or more of the other parts of voises. Cf. Canon.

4. (Biol.) The act of condition of imitating another species of animal, or a plant, or unanimate object. See Imitate, v. t., 3. &hand; Imitation is often used adjectively to characterize things which have a deceptive appearance, simulating the qualities of a superior article; -- opposed to real or genuine; as, imitation lace; imitation bronze; imitation modesty, etc.


Im`i*ta"tion*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or employed in, imitation; as, imitational propensities.


Im"i*ta*tive (?), a. [L. imitavitus: cf. F. imitatif.]

1. Inclined to imitate, copy, or follow; imitating; exhibiting some of the qualities or characteristics of a pattern or model; dependent on example; not original; as, man is an imitative being; painting is an imitative art.

2. Formed after a model, pattern, or original.

   This temple, less in form, with equal grace, Was imitative of the first in Thrace. Dryden.

3. (Nat. Hist.) Designed to imitate another species of animal, or a plant, or inanimate object, for some useful purpose, such as protection from enemies; having resamblance to something else; as, imitative colors; imitative habits; dendritic and mammillary forms of minerals are imitative. -- Im"i*ta*tive*ly, adv. -- Im"i*ta*tive*ness, n.


Im"i*ta*tive, n. (Gram.) A verb expressive of imitation or resemblance. [R.]


Im"i*ta"ter (?), n. [L.] One who imitates.


Im"i*ta`tor*ship, n. The state or office of an imitator. Servile imitatorship." Marston.


Im"i*ta`tress (?), n. A woman who is an imitator.


Im"i*ta`trix (?), n. An imitatress.


Im*mailed" (?), a. Wearing mail or armor; clad of armor. W. Browne.


Im*mal"le*a*ble (?), a. Not maleable.


Im*man"a*cle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immanacled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immanacling (?).] To manacle; to fetter; hence; to confine; to restrain from free action.

   Although this corporal rind Thou hast immanacled. Milton.


Im"ma*na"tion (?), n. [Pref. im- in + L. manare to flow; cf. mantio a flowing.] A flowing or entering in; -- opposed to emanation. [R.] Good.


Im*mane" (?), a. [L. immanis.] Very great; huge; vast; also, monstrous in character; inhuman; atrocious; fierce. [Obs.] So immane a man." Chapman. -- Im*mane"ly, adv. [Obs.]

Immanence, Immanency[edit]

Im"ma*nence (?), Im"ma*nen*cy (?), n. The condition or quality of being immanent; inherence; an indwelling.

   [Clement] is mainly concerned in enforcing the immanence of God. Christ is everywhere presented by him as Deity indwelling in the world. A. V. G. Allen.


Im"ma*nent (?), a. [L. immanens, p. pr. of immanere to remain in or near; pref. im- in + manere to remain: cf. F. immanent.] Remaining within; inherent; indwelling; abiding; intrinsic; internal or subjective; hence, limited in activity, agency, or effect, to the subject or associated acts; -- opposed to emanant, transitory, transitive, or objective.

   A cognition is an immanent act of mind. Sir W. Hamilton.
   An immanent power in the life of the world. Hare.


Im*man"i*fest (?), a. Not manifest. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


Im*man"i*ty (?), n. [L. immanitas.] The state or quality of being immane; barbarity. [R.] Shak.


Im*man"tle (?), v. t. See Emmantle. [R.]


Im*man"u*el (?), n. [Heb. 'immānēl, fr. 'im with + ān us + ēl God.] God with us; -- an appellation of the Christ. Is. vii. 14. Matt. i. 23.


Im`mar*ces"ci*ble (?), a. [L. immarcescibilis; pref. im- not + marcescere to fade: cf. F. immarcescible.] Unfading; lasting. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


Im`mar*ces"ci*bly, adv. Unfadingly. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


Im*mar"gin*ate (?), a. (Bot.) Not having a distinctive margin or border. Grey.


Im*mar"tial (?), a. Not martial; unwarlike. [Obs.]


Im*mask" (?), v. t. To cover, as with a mask; to disguise or conceal. [R.] Shak.


Im*match"a*ble (?), a. Matchless; peerless. [Obs.] Holland.


Im"ma*ter"ri*al (?), a. [Pref. im- not + material: cf. F. immatériel.]

1. Not consisting of matter; incorporeal; spiritual; disembodied.

   Angels are spirits immaterial and intellectual. Hooker.

2. Of no substantial consequence; without weight or significance; unimportant; as, it is wholly immaterial whether he does so or not. Syn. -- Unimportant; inconsequential; insignificant; inconsiderable; trifling.


Im`ma*te"ri*al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. immatérialisme.]

1. The doctrine that immaterial substances or spiritual being exist, or are possible.

2. (Philos.) The doctrine that external bodies may be reduced to mind and ideas in a mind; any doctrine opposed to materialism or phenomenalism, esp. a system that maintains the immateriality of the soul; idealism; esp., Bishop Berkeley's theory of idealism.


Im`ma*te"ri*al*ist, n. [Cf. F. immatérialiste.] (Philos.) One who believes in or professes, immaterialism.


Im`ma*te`ri*al"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Immaterialities (#). [Cf. F. immatérialité.] The state or quality of being immaterial or incorporeal; as, the immateriality of the soul.


Im`ma*te"ri*al*ize (?), v. t. [Cf. F. immatérialiser.] To render immaterial or incorporeal.

   Immateralized spirits. Glanvill.


Im`ma*te"ri*al*ly, adv.

1. In an immaterial manner; without matter or corporeal substance.

2. In an unimportant manner or degree.


Im`ma*te"ri*al*ness, n. The state or quality of being immaterial; immateriality.


Im`ma*te"ri*ate (?), a. Immaterial. [Obs.] Bacon.


Im`ma*ture" (?), a. [L. immaturus; pref. im- not + maturus mature, ripe. See Mature.]

1. Not mature; unripe; not arrived at perfection of full development; crude; unfinished; as, immature fruit; immature character; immature plans. An ill-measured and immature counsel." Bacon.

2. Premature; untimely; too early; as, an immature death. [R.] Jer. Taylor.


Im`ma*tured" (?), a. Immature.


Im`ma*ture"ly (?), adv. In an immature manner. Warburion.


Im`ma*ture"ness, n. The state or quality of being immature; immaturity. Boyle.


Im`ma*tu"ri*ty (?), n. [L. immaturitas: cf. F. immaturité.] The state or quality of being immature or not fully developed; unripeness; incompleteness.

   When the world has outgrown its intellectual immaturity. Caird.


Im`me*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. im- not + L. meabilis passable, fr. meare to pass.] Want of power to pass, or to permit passage; impassableness.

   Immeability of the juices. Arbuthnot.


Im*meas`ur*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being immeasurable; immensurability.


Im*meas"ur*a*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + measurable: cf. F. measurable. Cf. Immensurable, Unmeasurable.] Incapble of being measured; indefinitely extensive; illimitable; immensurable; vast.

   Of depth immeasurable. Milton.


Im*meas"ur*a*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being immeasurable.

   Eternity and immeasurableness belong to thought alone. F. W. Robertson.


Im*meas"ur*a*bly, adv. In an immeasurable manner or degree. Immeasurably distant." Wordsworth.


Im*meas"ured (?), a. Immeasurable. [R.] Spenser.


Im`me*chan"ic*al (?), a. Not mechanical. [Obs.] Cheyne. -- Im"me*chan"ic*al*ly, adv. [Obs.]


Im*me"di*a*cy (?), n. The relation of freedom from the interventionof a medium; immediateness. Shak.


Im*me"di*ate (?), a. [F. immédiat. See In- not, and Mediate.]

1. Not separated in respect to place by anything intervening; proximate; close; as, immediate contact.

   You are the most immediate to our throne. Shak.

2. Not deferred by an interval of time; present; instant. Assemble we immediate council." Shak.

   Death . . . not yet inflicted, as he feared, By some immediate stroke. Milton.

3. Acting with nothing interposed or between, or without the intervention of another object as a cause, means, or agency; acting, perceived, or produced, directly; as, an immediate cause.

   The immediate knowledge of the past is therefore impossible. Sir. W. Hamilton.

Immediate amputation (Surg.), an amputation performed within the first few hours after an injury, and before the the effects of the shock have passed away. Syn. -- Proximate; close; direct; next.


Im*me"di*ate*ly (?), adv.

1. In an immediate manner; without intervention of any other person or thing; proximately; directly; -- opposed to mediately; as, immediately contiguous.

   God's acceptance of it either immediately by himself, or mediately by the hands of the bishop. South.

2. Without interval of time; without delay; promptly; instantly; at once.

   And Jesus . . . touched him, saying, I will; be thou clean. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed. Matt. viii. 3.

3. As soon as. Cf. Directly,

8, Note. Syn. -- Directly; instantly; quickly; forthwith; straightway; presently. See Directly.


Im*me"di*ate*ness, n. The quality or relations of being immediate in manner, place, or time; exemption from second or interventing causes. Bp. Hall.


Im*me"de*a*tism (?), n. Immediateness.


Im*med"i*ca*ble (?), a. [L. Immedicabilis. See In- not, and Medicable.] Not to be healed; incurable. Wounds immedicable." Milton.


Im`me*lo"di*ous (?), a. Not melodious.


Im*mem"o*ra*ble (?), a. [L. immemorabilis; pref. im- not + memorabilis memorable: cf. F. immémorable. See Memorable.] Not memorable; not worth remembering. Johnson.


Im`me*mo"ri*al (?), a. [Pref. im- not + memorial: cf. F. immémorial.] Extending beyond the reach of memory, record, or tradition; indefinitely ancient; as, existing from time immemorial. Immemorial elms." Tennyson. Immemorial usage or custom." Sir M. Hale. Time immemorial (Eng. Law.), a time antedating (legal) history, and beyond legal memory" so called; formerly an indefinite time, but in 1276 this time was fixed by statute as the begining of the reign of Richard I. (1189). Proof of unbroken possession or use of any right since that date made it unnecessary to establish the original grant. In 1832 the plan of dating legal memory from a fixed time was abandoned and the principle substituted that rights which had been enjoyed for full twenty years (or as against the crown thirty years) should not be liable to impeachment merely by proving that they had not been enjoyed before.


Im`me*mo"ri*al*ly, adv. Beyond memory. Bentley.


Im*mense" (?), a. [L. immensus; pref. im- not + mensus, p. p. of metiri to measure: cf. F. immense. See Measure.] Immeasurable; unlimited. In commonest use: Very great; vast; huge. Immense the power" Pope. Immense and boundless ocean." Daniel.

   O Goodness infinite! Goodness immense! Milton.

Syn. -- Infinite; immeasurable; illimitable; unbounded; unlimited; interminable; vast; prodigious; enormous; monstrous. See Enormous.


Im*mense"ly, adv. In immense manner or degree.


Im*mense"ness, n. The state of being immense.


Im*men"si*ble (?), a. [Immense + -ible.] Immeasurable. [Obs.] Davies.


Im*men"si*ty (?), n.; pl. Immensities (#). [L. immensitas: cf. F. immensité.] The state or quality of being immense; inlimited or immeasurable extension; infinity; vastness in extent or bulk; greatness.

   Lost in the wilds of vast immensity. Blackmore.
   The immensity of the material system. I. Taylor.


Im*men"sive (?), a. Huge. [Obs.] Herrick.


Im*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being immensurable.


Im*men"su*ra*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + L. mensurabilis measurable: cf. F. immensurable. Cf. Immeasurable.] Immeasurable.

   What an immensurable space is the firmament. Derham.


Im*men"su*rate (?), a. [Pref. im- not + mensurate.] Unmeasured; unlimited. [R.] W. Montagu.


Im*merge" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immerged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immerging (?).] [L. immergere; pref. im- in + mergere to dip, plunge: cf. F. immerger. See Merge, and cf. Immerse.] To plungel into, under, or within anything especially a fuid; to dip; to immerse. See Immerse.

   We took . . . lukewarm water, and in it immerged a quantity of the leaves of senna. Boyle.
   Their souls are immerged in matter. Jer. Taylor.


Im*merge" (?), v. i. To dissapear by entering into any medium, as a star into the light of the sun. [R.]


Im*mer"it (?), n. Want of worth; demerit. [R.] Suckling.


Im*mer"it*ed, a. Unmerited. [Obs.] Charles I.


Im*mer"it*ous (?), a. [L. immeritus; pref. im- not + meritus, p. p. of merere, mereri, to deserve.] Undeserving. [Obs.] Milton.


Im*mers"a*ble (?), a. See Immersible.


Im*merse" (?), a. [L. immersus, p. p. of immergere. See Immerge.] Immersed; buried; hid; sunk. [Obs.] Things immerse in matter." Bacon.


Im*merse", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immersed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Immersing.]

1. To plunge into anything that surrounds or covers, especially into a fluid; to dip; to sink; to bury; to immerge.

   Deep immersed beneath its whirling wave. J Warton.
   More than a mile immersed within the wood. Dryden.

2. To baptize by immersion.

3. To engage deeply; to engross the attention of; to involve; to overhelm.

   The queen immersed in such a trance. Tennyson.
   It is impossible to have a lively hope in another life, and yet be deeply immersed inn the enjoyments of this. Atterbury.