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Alternative forms[edit]


From Biblical Hebrew אֲרִיאֵל (ari'él, literally lion of God), a compound of אֲרִי (arí, lion) and אֵל (él, God).


Proper noun[edit]


  1. (biblical) A name for the city of Jerusalem.
  2. A male given name, also ascribed to spirits and angels in English literature.
    • 1611, Bible (Authorized, or King James, Version), Ezra 8:16:
      Then sent I for Eliezer, for Ariel, for Shemaiah, and for Elnathan, and for Jarib, and for Elnathan, and for Nathan, and for Zechariah, and for Meshullam, chief men; also for Joiarib, and for Elnathan, men of understanding.
    • 1611, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I:Scene 2:
      All hail, great master! grave sir, hail! I come / To answer thy best pleasure; be't to fly, / To swim, to dive into the fire, to ride / On the curl'd clouds; to thy strong bidding task / Ariel and all his quality.
    • 1667 John Milton, Paradise Lost/Book VI:
      Nor stood unmindful Abdiel to annoy / The Atheist crew, but with redoubl’d blow / Ariel and Arioc, and the violence / Of Ramiel scorcht and blasted overthrew.
    • 1714 Alexander Pope, The Rape of the Lock:
      Of these am I, who thy Protection claim, / A watchful Sprite, and Ariel is my Name.
    • 1979 Phyllis Chesler, With Child, Crowell, ISBN 0690018355, page 121:
      You don't look like a Daniel (your pre-chosen name). There's something fierce and tawny about you. You're the Lion! You're Ariel: God's Lion. You'll be my father Leon's namesake — and for your father, you'll have a Hebrew name.
      I dub thee Ariel, faery spirit of my tempest. You'll be my Jerusalem...
  3. A female given name, used mainly since the 1980s.
    • 1992 Kristina Logan, The Right Man for Loving, Thorndike Press, ISBN 1560545380, page 190:
      "I'm going to name her Ariel," Laura said, ignoring them completely as she stared down at the baby. "The boys like the name because it's the same as the girl in the Little Mermaid movie. And I like it, because it's pretty."
  4. (astronomy) Name of the twelfth and brightest moon of the planet Uranus.


Derived terms[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

Ariel m

  1. A male given name of biblical origin.