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- Alternative spelling of
1841, Nicholas Patrick Wiseman (editor), The Dublin Review, page 281:
- [… A]s to the testimony of the ancients, Diodorus Siculus affirms that the Germans had their origin from the Cimmerians; and the Jews to this day called them Ashkanazim, or descendants of Ashkenaz, son of Gomer.
- 1999: Charles W. Joyner, Shared Traditions: Southern History and Folk Culture, page 190 (University of Illinois Press; ISBN 9780252067723)
- Reform Judaism, which has been called “the folk religion of the German-American Jew,” represented a crisis in the longstanding linguistic and religious differences dividing Sephardim and Ashkanazim.
- 2002: Frank Heynick, Jews and Medicine: An Epic Saga, page 437 (KTAV Publishing House; ISBN 0881257737, 9780881257731)
- It is in the distribution of the Rh (rhesus) factor that the blood of the various Jewish communities of Europe shows some significant differences compared to their gentile neighbors — apparently due to an old core of Mediterranean ancestry among the Ashkanazim.
- 2002: Clive Jones and Emma Murphy, Israel: Challenges to Identity, Democracy, and the State, page 27 (Routledge; ISBN 9780415270878)
- Ben-Gurion's legacy has been an enduring one. The projection of a national consensus, the domination of the state over other political actors, and the hegemony exercised over decision-making by a largely Ashkanazim élite remain features of Israeli politics today.