Boreas

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See also: boreas and Bóreas

English[edit]

A sculpture of Boreas from Hadda, Afghanistan, from the collection of the Guimet Museum in Paris

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ancient Greek Βορέᾱς (Boréās).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɔːɹiːəs/
  • Hyphenation: Bo‧re‧as

Proper noun[edit]

Boreas

  1. (Greek mythology) The god of the North Wind.
  2. (poetic) The north wind personified.
    • 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], The Shepheardes Calender: Conteyning Tvvelue Æglogues Proportionable to the Twelue Monethes. Entitled to the Noble and Vertuous Gentleman most Worthy of all Titles both of Learning and Cheualrie M. Philip Sidney, London: Printed by Hugh Singleton, dwelling in Creede Lane neere vnto Ludgate at the signe of the gylden Tunne, and are there to be solde, OCLC 606515406; republished in Francis J[ames] Child, editor, The Poetical Works of Edmund Spenser: The Text Carefully Revised, and Illustrated with Notes, Original and Selected by Francis J. Child: Five Volumes in Three, volume III, Boston, Mass.: Houghton, Mifflin and Company; The Riverside Press, Cambridge, published 1855, OCLC 793557671, page 406, lines 222–228:
      Now stands the Brere like a lord alone, / Puffed up with pryde and vaine pleasaunce. / But all this glee had no continuaunce: / For eftsones winter gan to approche; / The blustering Boreas did encroche, / And beate upon the solitarie Brere; / For nowe no succoure was seene him nere.
    • 1781, [Mostyn John Armstrong], History and Antiquities of the County of Norfolk. Volume IX. Containing the Hundreds of Smithdon, Taverham, Tunstead, Walsham, and Wayland, volume IX, Norwich: Printed by J. Crouse, for M. Booth, bookseller, OCLC 520624543, page 51:
      BEAT on, proud billows; Boreas blow; / Swell, curled waves, high as Jove's roof; / Your incivility doth ſhow, / That innocence is tempeſt proof; / Though ſurly Nereus frown, my thoughts are calm; / Then ſtrike, Affliction, for thy wounds are balm. [Attributed to Roger L'Estrange (1616–1704).]
    • 1991, Leon Battista Alberti; Joseph Rykwert, Neil Leach and Robert Tavernor, transl., On the Art of Building in Ten Books, Cambridge, Mass.; London: MIT Press, ISBN 978-0-262-01099-3, page 427:
      "Timber felled in winter, when Boreas is blowing, will burn beautifully and almost without smoke" (2.4.39 [24]). [] "Face all the summer rooms [of the villa] to receive Boreas" (5.18.153 [91v]); and "It is best to make libraries face Boreas" (9.10.317 [174v]).

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