Britannia

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 Britannia (places) on Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin Britannia. Doublet of Britain and Brittany.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: brĭ-tăn′yə, brĭ-tăn′ē-ə, IPA(key): /bɹɪˈtæn.jə/, /bɹɪˈtæn.i.ə/
  • IPA(key): /bɹɪˈtæn.ɪ.ə/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Britannia

  1. A female personification of Britain or the United Kingdom.
    • 1740, James Thomson (lyrics), Thomas Arne (music), Rule, Britannia!
      Rule, Britannia! Britannia rule the waves / Britons never, never shall be slaves
    • 1951 October, R. S. McNaught, “Lines of Approach”, in Railway Magazine, pages 703-704:
      I recall the height of comfort attained by the green-cushioned "first" with starched white antimacassars and a pretentious grey floor mat on which it seemed a sacrilege to stand, as it was embellished with the North Western conception of Britannia, complete with trident.
  2. (historical) A province of the Roman Empire covering most of the island of Britain.
  3. A number of places in Canada:
    1. A neighbourhood of Calgary, Alberta.
    2. A settlement in Newfoundland and Labrador.
    3. A community in Lake of Bays township, Muskoka district municipality, Ontario.
    4. A group of neighbourhoods in the west end of Ottawa, Ontario.
    5. A former village in Mississauga, Regional Municipality of Peel, Ontario.
    6. The Rural Municipality of Britannia No. 502, a rural municipality in western Saskatchewan.
  4. A southern suburb of Bacup, Rossendale borough, Lancashire, England (OS grid ref SD8821).
  5. A suburb in Cymmer community, Rhondda Cynon Taf county borough, Wales (OS grid ref ST0390). [1]
  6. Ellipsis of Britannia metal (a silvery alloy of tin with copper and antimony, somewhat like pewter).
    Alternative forms: britannia, britannia metal

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin Britannia.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbritɑnːiɑ/, [ˈbrit̪ɑ̝nˌniɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -iɑ
  • Syllabification(key): Bri‧tan‧ni‧a

Proper noun[edit]

Britannia

  1. (ambiguously) United Kingdom, Great Britain, Britain (used to refer to the state of United Kingdom or its largest island consisting of England, Scotland and Wales)
  2. Britain (Roman province)
  3. Britannia (female personification of Britain)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Britannia (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative Britannia
genitive Britannian
partitive Britanniaa
illative Britanniaan
singular plural
nominative Britannia
accusative nom. Britannia
gen. Britannian
genitive Britannian
partitive Britanniaa
inessive Britanniassa
elative Britanniasta
illative Britanniaan
adessive Britannialla
ablative Britannialta
allative Britannialle
essive Britanniana
translative Britanniaksi
abessive Britanniatta
instructive
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Britannia (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Britanniani
accusative nom. Britanniani
gen. Britanniani
genitive Britanniani
partitive Britanniaani
inessive Britanniassani
elative Britanniastani
illative Britanniaani
adessive Britanniallani
ablative Britannialtani
allative Britannialleni
essive Britannianani
translative Britanniakseni
abessive Britanniattani
instructive
comitative
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Britanniasi
accusative nom. Britanniasi
gen. Britanniasi
genitive Britanniasi
partitive Britanniaasi
inessive Britanniassasi
elative Britanniastasi
illative Britanniaasi
adessive Britanniallasi
ablative Britannialtasi
allative Britanniallesi
essive Britannianasi
translative Britanniaksesi
abessive Britanniattasi
instructive
comitative
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Britanniamme
accusative nom. Britanniamme
gen. Britanniamme
genitive Britanniamme
partitive Britanniaamme
inessive Britanniassamme
elative Britanniastamme
illative Britanniaamme
adessive Britanniallamme
ablative Britannialtamme
allative Britanniallemme
essive Britannianamme
translative Britanniaksemme
abessive Britanniattamme
instructive
comitative
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Britannianne
accusative nom. Britannianne
gen. Britannianne
genitive Britannianne
partitive Britanniaanne
inessive Britanniassanne
elative Britanniastanne
illative Britanniaanne
adessive Britanniallanne
ablative Britannialtanne
allative Britanniallenne
essive Britanniananne
translative Britanniaksenne
abessive Britanniattanne
instructive
comitative
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Britanniansa
accusative nom. Britanniansa
gen. Britanniansa
genitive Britanniansa
partitive Britanniaansa
inessive Britanniassaan
Britanniassansa
elative Britanniastaan
Britanniastansa
illative Britanniaansa
adessive Britanniallaan
Britanniallansa
ablative Britannialtaan
Britannialtansa
allative Britannialleen
Britanniallensa
essive Britannianaan
Britannianansa
translative Britanniakseen
Britanniaksensa
abessive Britanniattaan
Britanniattansa
instructive
comitative

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin Britannia. Doublet of Bretagna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /briˈtan.nja/
  • Rhymes: -annja
  • Hyphenation: Bri‧tàn‧nia

Proper noun[edit]

Britannia f

  1. (archaic) Great Britain, Britain
    Synonym: (usual term) Bretagna
  2. Britain (Roman province)
  3. Britannia (female personification of Britain)

Anagrams[edit]

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 Britain (name) on Wikipedia
 Britannia on Latin Wikipedia

Attested from the 1st century BCE, directly or from Ancient Greek Βρεττανία (Brettanía), Πρεττανία (Prettanía) (in Diodorus), earlier νῆσος Πρεττανική (nêsos Prettanikḗ) or Βρεττανίαι (Brettaníai), used by Pytheas (4th century BCE) of the entire archipelago now known as the British Isles.

The Ancient Greek name is ultimately from a Celtic ethnonym, reconstructed as early Brythonic *Pritani, perhaps from a Proto-Celtic *Kʷritanī, *Kʷritenī, whence Welsh Prydyn (Picts), Old Irish Cruthne, Cru(i)then-túath (Picts), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /briˈtan.ni.a/, [brɪˈt̪änːiä]
  • (modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /briˈtan.ni.a/, [briˈt̪änːiä]
  • Note: only found in hexameters with a short first syllable, except for a single instance of /britt-/ in Lucretius. Sergius on Donatus testifies to /a:n/ rather than /ann/. Romance descendants seem to consistently point to /tt/.

Proper noun[edit]

Britannia f (genitive Britanniae); first declension

  1. Britain (a region of Western Europe, the country of the Britons)
  2. Great Britain (an island in Western Europe)
    Synonym: Albiōn
  3. Britannia (a Roman province in Western Europe, on the island of Great Britain)
  4. (Medieval Latin) Brittany (a region and peninsula in modern France, populated by speakers of Breton)
    Synonym: Armorica
  5. (Medieval Latin) Wales (a region in the modern United Kingdom, populated by speakers of Welsh)
    Synonyms: Cambria, Wallia

Usage notes[edit]

  • (Wales): In medieval Welsh sources before the 13th century, Britannia was used both in an expansive sense to refer to the island of Britain and in a restricted sense to refer to Wales, i.e. the remaining land of the Britons. From the 12th century the restricted sense of the term was increasingly displaced by Wallia, a name derived from Old English, and later by Cambria.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun, with locative.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Britannia Britanniae
Genitive Britanniae Britanniārum
Dative Britanniae Britanniīs
Accusative Britanniam Britanniās
Ablative Britanniā Britanniīs
Vocative Britannia Britanniae
Locative Britanniae Britanniīs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Britann-” in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae (TLL Open Access), Berlin (formerly Leipzig): De Gruyter (formerly Teubner), 1900–present
  • BRITANNICAE INSULAE or BRITANNIA”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • Britannia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 228/3
  • Britannia in Georges, Karl Ernst; Georges, Heinrich (1913–1918) Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch, volume 1, 8th edition, Hahnsche Buchhandlung, columns 865–866